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广东11选5 FABUSHIJIAN:2019-07-06 DIANJICISHU:406

工业机器人正大踏步走进机床领域,并与机床结合在一起,为用户提供各种个性化的智能制造装备。目前国内企业在机床上应用机器人还处于起步阶段,许多理论和实践问题还没有充分认识与解决。

 

应用情况分析

  在焊接、搬运、码垛、装配等大多数应用领域里,工业机器人是作为主机使用的。与此不同,与机床配套的机器人一般是作为辅机来发挥作用的。当前具体的应用形式主要有:

  (1)单机上下料

广东11选5  DANJISHANGXIALIAOSHIJIQIRENZAIJICHUANGSHANGZUIDIANXINGHEZUICHENGSHUDEYINGYONG。TABIRENGONGSHANGXIALIAOGENGZHUNQUE、XUNSU、ANQUAN。DUISHENGCHANPILIANGDA、JIAGONGSHIJIANDUANDEZHONGXIAOLINGJIANJIAGONG,HUOXUDIAOZHUANGDEBENZHONGGONGJIANERYAN,JIQIRENSHANGXIALIAODEYOUSHITEBIEMINGXIAN。


广东11选5  JIQIRENYUJICHUANGDEJIEGOUGUANXIFENWEIJIQIRENANZHUANGYUJICHUANGWAIBUHEYUJICHUANGGOUCHENGYITILIANGZHONGXINGSHI。ANZHUANGYUJICHUANGWAIBUDEJIQIREN,YOUFENWEIGUDINGSHI、YIDONGSHIHEHENGJIASHIDENGLEIXING。

      

      (2)机器人与机床组成柔性生产线

  YOUJIQIRENCHENGDANGONGJIANDEGONGXUZHUANHUANGONGZUO,YURUOGANTAIJICHUANGZUCHENGROUXINGSHENGCHANXIAN,SHIYIZHONGBIDANJISHANGXIALIAOGENGWEIFUZAYEGENGYOUJIAZHIDEYIZHONGYINGYONG。ZAIDANGQIANGONGYEZHUANXINGSHENGJIGUOCHENGZHONG,SHICHANGXUQIUYUELAIYUEWANGSHENG。


广东11选5  ZAIZHEIZHONGYINGYONGCHANGHEXIA,JICHUANGBUJUQUJUEYUGONGYILUXIANHEXIANCHANGTIAOJIANDENGYINSU。CHANGJIANDEYOULXING、UXINGHEZHIXIANXING、DUIMIANBUZHIDENGXINGSHI,QIZHONGSANTAISHUKONGJICHUANGGOUCHENGUXINGDEBUJU,YOUYITAIJIQIRENZAICHANGDIZHONGJIANJINXINGGONGJIANZHUANHUAN,ZHEIZHONGBUJUSHIFENJINCOU。


  (3)与机床共同完成加工工艺过程

  JIQIRENJIACHIGONGJIANZAICHONGJIAN、ZHEWANJISHANGSHIXIANJIAGONGCAOZUO,BUJINSHIJIANDANDESHANGXIALIAO,ERSHITIDAILESUOYOUYUANLAIDERENGONGZUOYE。ZHEIBIRENGONGCAOZUOXIANJIAZHUNQUEHEKUAISU,CONGERTIGAOLECHANPINZHILIANGHESHENGCHANXIAOLV。YOUQISHICHEDIJIEJUELECHONGYALEIJICHUANGDEGONGSHANGYINHUAN。


  (4)独立完成加工工序

广东11选5  JIJIQIRENZHUANGSHANGZHUANYONGSHOUZHUA,JIQIRENKEYIWANCHENGQIEGE、DAMO、PAOGUANG、QINGXIDENGGONGYIGUOCHENG。SHENZHIYUKEYIRANGJIQIRENZHIJIEJIACHIQIEXUEGONGJU,DUIGONGJIANJINXINGDAKONG、GONGSI、MAOJIE,YEKEYIJINXINGQIEXUEJIAGONG。ZAIZHEIZHONGQINGXINGXIA,JIQIRENBENSHENJIUSHIYITAIJICHUANG。

 

  JUBEISHIJUE、CHUJUEDEJIQIRENKEYIYONGYUZUZHUANG、LINGJIANFENXUANDENGFUZAGONGXU,JISHISHISHANGXIALIAO,YEKEYIBUYONGDAIYOUDINGWEIZHUANGZHIDEZHUANYONGGONGWEIQIJU。


  JIJIQIRENZHUANGBEITESHUSHOUZHUA,KEYONGYUGAOWENHUANJINGXIAZUOYEDEZHUZAO、DUANZAOJIXIE,WANCHENGQUTIESHUI、JIAOZHU、SHANGXIAREMAOPI、GENGHUANRETAIDEMOJUDENGRENGONGNANYIZHIJIEWANCHENGDEGONGZUO。


  工业机器人是一种高柔性的通用自动化装置,它的应用场合和功能具有无限的拓展空间。在与机床的集成应用中,工业机器人的具体应用形式也在不断发掘和创新当中。


 

目前需关注和解决的一些问题

  目前国内企业在机床上应用机器人还处于起步阶段,许多理论和实践问题还没有充分认识与解决。例如最多见的应用形式还是将机床和机器人简单地组合在一起,各自使用一套控制系统。要充分发挥机器人与机床集成应用的优势,还需做出不懈努力。


  (1)JIQIRENYINGCHONGFENFAHUICHANYEXIANGGUANDEGUYOUYOUSHI,SHULIGENGGAODEFAZHANMUBIAO


广东11选5  CONGJICHULILUNDEYANJIUYUYINGYONG,DAOZHIZAOYUZHUANGPEIGONGYIDEWANSHAN,DAOJIANSUQI、SIFUDIANJIDENGJICHULINGBUJIANDETUPO,BUDUANNULI,WEITISHENGGUOCHANJIQIRENDESHUIPINGHEZHILIANGZUOCHUGONGXIAN。


  (2)WEICUJINJICHUANGYUJIQIRENJICHENGYINGYONGSHUIPINGDETISHENG,YINGJIAJINXIANGGUANDEJISHUBIAOZHUNDEYANJIUYUZHIDING


广东11选5  ZAIZHEIYILINGYU,DUIJICHUANGHEJIQIRENDEKONGZHIXITONGHEJIXIEJIEGOUDOUYOUYIXIETESHUYAOQIU,XUYAOTONGGUOBIAOZHUNDEZHIDINGJINXINGGUIFAN。


广东11选5  (3)YINGJIJIKAIZHANJIQIRENZHUANMENRENCAIDEPEIYANGHEXIANGGUANZHISHIDEPUJI


广东11选5  YOUYUSHIXINXINGCHANYE,JIQIRENDEYANZHIHEYINGYONGRENCAIDOUHENXIQUE。TEBIESHIYINGYONGFANGMIAN,MUQIANZAIGUONEI,WULUNSHIJIQIRENJICHENGSHANGHAISHIYONGHU,ZHISHIHEJINGYANHAIBUTONGCHENGDUDIKUIFA,WANGWANGYINCIDAOZHIXIANGMUDECUOZHEHESHIBAI。


  (4)YUJIQIRENXIETONGGONGZUODEJICHUANGYINGJUYOUZUGOUDEZIDONGHUAGONGNENG


广东11选5  LIRUJIAGONGJINGDUDEZIDONGJIANCE、DAOJUMOSUNQINGKUANGDEZIDONGJIANCEYUBUCHANGJIDAOJUDEZIDONGGENGHUANDENG,CONGERBAOZHENGROUXINGGONGZUODANYUANDELIANXUWENDINGYUNXING。


广东11选5  (5)DUIXIETONGGONGZUODEJIQIRENHEJICHUANGYINGJINXINGLIANHESHEJI,FENBIEJINXINGBIYAODESHIYINGXINGGAIBIAN


  ZHEILIBUJINYOUJIXIEJIEGOU(LIRUFANGHUJIEGOU)DEGAIBIAN,YEYOUKONGZHIXITONGDEZHENGHE、GELEICHUANGANQIDEBUZHIDENG,CONGERXINGCHENGYIGEKONGJIANBUJUTONGYIHELI、GONGNENGXIANGHUXIEDIAODEYOUJIZHENGTI。


  JIANYUJIQIRENYANZHIYIJIYUJICHUANGJICHENGYINGYONGDEFAZHANXIANZHUANG,XIANGGUANQIYEYINGJIANLIYOUXIAODEZUZHILIANLUOJIZHI,YIJIAQIANGGOUTONGYUHEZUO,CHONGFENZUODAOZIYUANGONGXIANGYUYOUSHIHUBU,JISHIJIANLIBIYAODEJISHUGUIFANYUBIAOZHUN,XINGCHENGCHANYEFAZHANDEHELI。ZHEIDUIWOGUOJICHUANGGONGJUXINGYEDEZHUANXINGSHENGJIYEBIJIANGQIDAOYOUYIDETUIDONGZUOYONG。


来源:根据网络资料整理

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